psy1ch5outlinessu11

psy1ch5outlinessu11 - 6. GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) 2....

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General Psychology Ch. 2 Outline: Neuroscience & Behavior I. Biological Foundations A. Nervous System 1. Central Nervous System (CNS) 1. 1. Brain 2. Spinal cord 1. Reflexarc 2. Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) a. Divisions 1. Somatic Nervous System 2. Autonomic Nervous System - a. Subdivisions 1. Sympathetic Nervous System 2. Parasympathetic Nervous System I. What is a Neuron? B. Definition C. Structures 1. Dendrites 2. Cell body (soma) 3. Axon 1. Myelin Sheath 4. Terminal buttons D. Communication within the neuron (Action Potential) 1. Action potential 1. All-or-none law E. Communication between neurons (neurotransmitters) F. Chemical Messengers in NS (neurotransmitters & hormones) 1. Neurotransmitters
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1. Types 1. Endorphins 2. Serotonin 3. Acetylcholine (Ach) 4. Dopamine 5. Norepinephrine (NE)
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Unformatted text preview: 6. GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) 2. How neurotransmitters help explain how poisons & mind-altering drugs affect the brain a. Agonist drugs (examples) b. Antagonist drugs (examples) II. The Brain G. Brain Mapping 1. Lesion 2. Electroencephalogram (EEG) 3. CT (computed tomography) scan 4. PET (positron emission tomography) 5. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) C. Parts of the Brain 6. Lower level brain structures 1. The Brainstem 1. Midbrain 2. Pons 3. Medulla 4. Reticular formation 2. Cerebellum 3. Thalamus 4. Limbic System 1. Amygdala 2. Hypothalamus 7. The Cerebral Cortex 1. Lobes 1. Frontal 2. Parietal 3. Temporal 4. Occipital 5. Association areas 2. Cerebral hemispheres 1. Left 2. Right 3. Corpus collosum 4. Brain reorganization...
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psy1ch5outlinessu11 - 6. GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) 2....

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