Ch 18 - Ch 18: Labor unions 1. Discontent among workers:...

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Ch 18: Labor unions 1. Discontent among workers: a.i. Disparity btwn class’s top 9% controlled ¾ of wealth. Social Darwinism with measure of success was wealth b. Long hours: avg work week in 1866 was 66 hours, and steal industry had 7 day work week with 12 hour shift. c. Low pay: abundant labor supply mean that plenty of immigrants would accept sub servant wages. c.i. Internal migration: young males leaving farms for the city. => due to innovation in farm life. In general industrial worker made $500/year. Minimum income needed was $600/year. c.ii. Earnings: skilled> industrial> agg. White native> whites> blacks and women. Employers used Black men as scabbers in case of strike d. Fluctuations in business cycle: Long period of “bust periods” 1873-1878 d.i. During bust period many workers let go or replaced with cheaper labor. d.ii. No unemployment, nor is there concern from business owners. Owners say workers as commodity e. Women and children: Was needed for family to survive. 1900 over 5mil women in industrial workforce. Women with children still worked as washers, took in borders, or did piece work at home e.i. Children would work even in the home, 1.75 million children worked in
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2011 for the course HIST 2302 taught by Professor Pinkney during the Fall '10 term at UT Arlington.

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Ch 18 - Ch 18: Labor unions 1. Discontent among workers:...

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