Lit Trans Lecture Notes - Man of Smoke

Lit Trans Lecture Notes - Man of Smoke - LitTrans254#2...

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Lit Trans 254 #2 03:55 Italy - member of the G8, large economy, founding member of the EU, powerful within  Europe,  - capital=Rome, Turin and Florence were past capitals but in 1875 Rome became the  capital - geographical/social/political/economic barrier between North and South,  - regions: Campania, Sicilia, Tuscany, Calabria, Puglia, Veneto, Lazio, Marche,  Lombardi, etc. - North: winters are very cold, lots of mountains - Italy unified in 1861 when Garibaldi initiated the military unification of Italy - Risorgimento – political unification of Italy in 1861, Rome and the Catholic states did  not want unification until 1870 (hence Turin and Florence being the capital). - Catholic church was a very ambivalent relationship with the Italian state - 1929 Catholic Church rejoined Italian life when Mussolini signed the Lateran Accords  (made Catholicism the official religion), unified as a constitutional monarchy until 1922  when Mussolini came into power, House of Savoy controlled Italy until 1945 (Mussolini  shared power from 1922 – 1945), 1948 monarchy was prohibited, 1948 – present Italy is  a constitutional democracy with a parliament, president (ceremonial figure), and prime  minister - President: Georgio Napolitano, Prime Minister: Silvio Berlusconi - Most important political parties: Christian democracy, socialist party/communist party - Antonio Gramsci and Emilio Togliatti both founded the Italian communist party - Fascism developed out of a party Mussolini created called Fasci di Combattimento,  Fascism rose because Mussolini created a solution to all of the rising “rebel” groups - After 1945 – Cold War, Socialist/Communist party is prominent again - Today the central political parties are: democratic party, Freedom People, Northern  League (famous politician = Bossi), Freedom and Liberty (used to be called National  Fascist Party), Christian democracy has been reborn as the Freedom People, Socialist  party is now Democratic party
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Lit Trans #3 03:55 - ambivalent futurist: Aldo Palazzeschi - Classic Italian writers: Dante, Boccaccio, Petrarch, Ariosto, Macchiavelli, Galileo,  Bruno, Marino, Manzoni, Verga - Verga started the versim (truthism , vero = truth) movement.  Verism thought that  literature had a scientific purpose and was therefore classified within positivism.  Supress the feelings of the author.  No religion because it was a relic from the past and  was just a consolation.  Science was a guarantee. - At the end of the 19
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2011 for the course LITTRANS 254 taught by Professor Patrickrumble during the Fall '11 term at University of Wisconsin.

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Lit Trans Lecture Notes - Man of Smoke - LitTrans254#2...

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