Chapter8solutions - Chapter 8 Analysis of Financial...

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Chapter 8 Analysis of Financial Statements ANSWERS TO END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS 8-3 Given that sales have not changed, a decrease in the total assets turnover means that the company’s assets have increased. Also, the fact that the fixed assets turnover ratio remained constant implies that the company increased its current assets. Since the company’s current ratio increased, and yet, its quick ratio is unchanged means that the company has increased its inventories. 8-4 Differences in the amounts of assets necessary to generate a dollar of sales cause asset turnover ratios to vary among industries. For example, a steel company needs a greater number of dollars in assets to produce a dollar in sales than does a grocery store chain. Also, profit margins and turnover ratios may vary due to differences in the amount of expenses incurred to produce sales. For example, one would expect a grocery store chain to spend more per dollar of sales than does a steel company. Often, a large turnover will be associated with a low profit margin, and vice versa. 8-5 a. Cash, receivables, and inventories, as well as current liabilities, vary over the year for firms with seasonal sales patterns. Therefore, those ratios that examine balance sheet figures will vary unless averages (monthly ones are best) are used. b. Common equity is determined at a point in time, say December 31, 2009. Profits are earned over time, say during 2009. If a firm is growing rapidly, year-end equity will be much larger than beginning-of-year equity, so the calculated rate of return on equity will be different depending on whether end-of-year, beginning-of-year, or average common equity is used as the denominator. Average common equity is
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2011 for the course FINC 3630 taught by Professor Jensen,m during the Summer '08 term at Auburn University.

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Chapter8solutions - Chapter 8 Analysis of Financial...

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