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Unformatted text preview: After Alexander's forces took Gaza, the path to Egypt opened up. In ancient times, Egypt was the goal of many foreign empires, as its wealth was considerable. The land also presented a challenge, however, as it was surrounded by desert on three sides. The Egyptians, who deeply resented Persian rule, surrendered to Alexander without a fight. Alexander was crowned Pharaoh and underwent all the traditional rituals; he won over popular support by a careful display of religious piety. When Alexander died and his empire was distributed, Egypt would be claimed by Ptolemy, who set up a private estate and created a dynasty that benefited from Alexander's popular reception. In 331 B.C., the new Pharaoh began to explore the lower part of his territory. In the western part of the Nile Delta he found a coastal region that appeared suitable for a city; soon...
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- Fall '08