After the death of a close friend, Hephaestion, Alexander entered several days of mourning and then decided to undertake a new campaign–which would be his last. His target was a tribe called the Cossaei, who controlled a mountain area and charged a toll on those who needed to pass to reach Babylon or Susa. The Persian leaders had never been able to clear the Cossaei out, and had simply paid the fee. Alexander decided to subdue the tribe, and, after a forty-day campaign, he had virtually annihilated them.Alexander continued on to Babylon, where he began preparations for his next campaign. In the city he experienced a number of bad omens, though writers may have exaggerated some of these portents to heighten the drama surrounding Alexander's death. On June 3, 323 B.C., Alexander attended two parties that went early into the morning. Afterward he fell feverishly ill, and was incapacitated until his death on June
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Alexander, greatest military records, countless previous rulers