Alexander advanced gradually and conquered territory by territory until Darius

Alexander advanced gradually and conquered territory by territory until Darius

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Alexander advanced gradually and conquered territory by territory until Darius, the Great  King of Persia, was forced to come out himself to face Alexander. Alexander was  victorious in the two key battles at Issus and Gaugamela, and Darius was murdered by  conspirators soon afterward. In the meantime, Alexander also conquered Phoenicia,  Egypt, and Babylon, all of which proved to be valuable acquisitions. Upon hearing of Darius's death, the Macedonian army assumed that the expedition was  over and the war won, but Alexander insisted on pushing farther east. Here he faced a  formidable opponent in Spitamenes, who possessed a smaller army but continued  harassing Alexander and even slaughtered a Macedonian unit after Alexander  underestimated him. Spitamenes was ultimately defeated, the rebellion fell apart, and  Alexander went on to conquer the Paraetacene territory. In the Far East, Alexander 
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2011 for the course HIST 1320 taught by Professor Murphy during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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