Alexander also inherited the legacy of the Persian invasion. His father had long dreamed of the idea of invading Persia but had died before he could achieve it. The roots of the conquest were manifold. Formally, it was carried out to free Greek cities under the rule of Persia and to revenge wrongs done to Greece in the past. Money may also have been a factor, as Alexander was in significant debt and counted on tapping into the opulence of Persia. Perhaps more important, the prevailing sentiment of the times was that non-Greeks were barbarians and deserved to be enslaved. Even the enlightened Aristotle was adamant in this belief, and he educated Alexander to that extent. Alexander himself would depart from his former master, and his desire to cooperate with Persians earned him the resentment of many conservative Macedonians. Alexander's opposition, then, stemmed from two corners–the Greek city-states, which
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2011 for the course HIST 1320 taught by Professor Murphy during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.