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Meanwhile, Philip's campaign was going poorly, and the position of Macedonia  becoming more vulnerable. His worst fears were realized when Athens and Thebes,  longtime rivals, formed a coalition against Macedonia. Philip handled the ensuing  conflicts expertly. In the decisive battle at Chaeronea, Alexander took command of the  left wing, facing the Thebans, while Philip maintained the traditional post of the king at  the right of the army, facing the Athenians. Alexander's responsibility was great, for it  was on the Thebans–better trained and with more to lose than the Athenians, for they  technically had been Macedonian allies–that victory or defeat depended. Alexander also  had to face the famed Sacred Band, which in 371 B.C. had led the victory over the  previously invincible Spartan army. Alexander's own victory was secured, ironically, because of the superior discipline of the 
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2011 for the course HIST 1320 taught by Professor Murphy during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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