The army that Alexander assembled was itself a marvelous achievement, described by modern military experts as technically and theoretically near-perfect. The land forces totaled almost 50,000, broken up into 43,000 infantry, 6,000 cavalry. Four main components made up the army: native Macedonian soldiers, troops delegated by cities of the League of Corinth, Greek mercenaries, and divisions from Balkan countries in alliance with or subject to Macedonia. The Macedonian army itself was divided into four main units, each designed to complement the others. First was the phalanx, the main body of the army, organized in about fourteen battalions of 1,500 each, which would engage the enemy and attempt to create a break in its line. At this point the Companion Cavalry, heavily armed men on horses, would swoop in where breaks had been successfully created. The most elite
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2011 for the course HIST 1320 taught by Professor Murphy during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.