The capture of Bessus, however, did not mean the end of the revolt as Alexander had thought. Instead, the leaders of Sogdiana had hoped that turning Bessus over would gain them immunity; when it became evident that Alexander still intended to subjugate their territory, they rose once again. When Alexander continued on, Spitamenes raised troops who slaughtered the Macedonian garrisons. Alexander was therefore forced to return to the city of Cyropolis, the center of the revolt. As he usually dealt with cities that refused to submit, he razed and massacred Cyropolis. In the meantime, Spitamenes continued to stir trouble in other areas, so Alexander sent a small troop, led by Pharnuches, to take care of the situation. Pharnuches underestimated Spitamenes considerably. Spitamenes successfully lured Pharnuches to another territory where Spitamenes obtained further support, leaving the Macedonians
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