The number of troops Alexander demanded from the League was relatively small–the mission was clearly his and not some kind of Greek crusade. It is likely that he may have demanded these troops only as an attempt to ensure good behavior from the individual city-states while he was away. Many states, especially Athens, were reluctant to contribute. The largest component of the army consisted of mercenaries, who had good reason to expect a lucrative invasion, the Macedonian debt notwithstanding. Rounding out Alexander's troops were groups of archers and javelin throwers, representing Crete and Thrace. The opposition they would face was a Persian army that drew on an imposing population of approximately fifty million people. In reality, however, the Persian forces were largely makeshift, poorly trained, and poorly equipped. Philip's death had made them even more complacent and lax. Ironically, the most reliable infantry in Persian
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2011 for the course HIST 1320 taught by Professor Murphy during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.