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Unformatted text preview: The opposition they would face was a Persian army that drew on an imposing population of approximately fifty million people. In reality, however, the Persian forces were largely makeshift, poorly trained, and poorly equipped. Philip's death had made them even more complacent and lax. Ironically, the most reliable infantry in Persian employment were Greek mercenaries, who were estimated at about 30,000 at the start of the Macedonian expedition. Alexander set out with his army in the spring of 334 B.C., with Parmenion serving second in command and Antipater left behind as a regent. The underlying purpose of the mission was to free the Greeks under Asia Minor and to avenge wrongs committed against Greece 150 years earlier. Furthermore, Alexander may have been the first commander in antiquity to organize a team officially dedicated to propaganda and...
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- Fall '08