Niels Henrik David Bohr was born on October seven, 1885, in Denmark. The first son of Christian and Ellen Bohr, Niels lived in a large Copenhagen house along with his younger brother Harald and his older sister Jenny. Born eighteen months after Niels, Harald was to become a lifelong close friend and source of inspiration as he went on to his own brilliant career as a mathematician. Their father, Professor Christian Bohr, was an internationally renowned physiologist, and their mother, Ellen, was a warmhearted and intelligent woman. The children benefited from a home that promoted both learning and the development of a strong sense of cultural values. With this strong background, Bohr went on to a distinguished career at the University of Copenhagen, where he was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters for his work on the measurement of surface tension using the
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