The Long Parliament, which was convened in November of 1640, played a revolutionary role in English history. Its greatest overall effect was that it wrested a great deal of political power from the king. Perhaps the most significant accomplishment of the Long Parliament was the passage of the Triennial Act in 1641, which stipulated that Parliament should be convened at least once every three years and could not be dissolved by the King except with the consent of its members. Also, Parliament abolished the two royal courts and declared that bishops of the Church of England could no longer sit in the House of Lords, the legislative body made up of the nobility. All of these actions were taken in a spirit increasingly hostile to the privileges of the monarchy. Cromwell's appearance and demeanor during this time helped him rise from the
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