What is known to us as metaphysics is what Aristotle called

What is known to us as metaphysics is what Aristotle called...

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What is known to us as metaphysics is what Aristotle called "first philosophy."  Metaphysics involves a study of the universal principles of being, the abstract qualities  of existence itself. Perhaps the starting point of Aristotle's metaphysics is his rejection of  Plato's Theory of Forms. In Plato's theory, material objects are changeable and not real  in themselves; rather, they correspond to an ideal, eternal, and immutable Form by a  common name, and this Form can be perceived only by the intellect. Thus a thing  perceived to be beautiful in this world is in fact an imperfect manifestation of the Form of  Beauty. Aristotle's arguments against this theory were numerous. Ultimately he rejected  Plato's ideas as poetic but empty language; as a scientist and empiricist he preferred to  focus on the reality of the material world. Metaphysics, or the parts still in existence, spans fourteen books. The early books give 
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2011 for the course HIST 1320 taught by Professor Murphy during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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