2ShelleyByron - Percy Bysshe Shelley(1792-1822 Father whig...

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Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822) Father – whig MP; mother – landowner; the eldest of 7 children (5 sisters and 1 brotha) 1804- entered Eton College; Went to Oxford where attended only 1 lecture, but read 16 hours a day; Mary Shelley (2 nd wife); drowned in a sudden storm while sailing Famous for his classic anthology verse works (Ozymandias, Ode to the West Wind, The Masque of Anarchy) which are among the most popular and critically acclaimed poems in the English lang. His major works, however, are long visionary poems which included Alastor, Adonais, The Revolt of Islam, etc.) Ozymandias The central theme of "Ozymandias" is the inevitable decline of all leaders, and of the empires they build, however mighty in their own time. The ' Younger Memnon ' statue of Ramesses II in the British Museum thought to have inspired the poem Ozymandias was another name for Ramesses the Great , Pharaoh of the nineteenth dynasty of ancient Egypt. [4] Ozymandias represents a transliteration into Greek of a part of Ramesses' throne name , User-maat-re Setep-en-re . The sonnet paraphrases the inscription on the base of the statue , given by Diodorus Siculus in his Bibliotheca historica as " King of Kings am I, Osymandias. If anyone would know how great I am and where I lie, let him surpass one of my works." [5] Shelley's poem is often said to have been inspired by the arrival in London of a colossal statue of Ramesses II, acquired for the British Museum by the Italian adventurer Giovanni Belzoni in 1816. [6] Rodenbeck and Chaney, however, [7] point out that the poem was written and published before the statue arrived in Britain, and thus that Shelley could not have seen it. Its repute in Western Europe preceded its actual arrival in Britain (Napoleon had previously made an unsuccessful attempt to acquire it for France, for example), and thus it may have been its repute or news of its imminent arrival rather than seeing the statue itself which provided the inspiration. The 2008 edition of the travel guide
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2011 for the course LITERATURE 105 taught by Professor Stevens during the Winter '11 term at Mitchell Community College.

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2ShelleyByron - Percy Bysshe Shelley(1792-1822 Father whig...

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