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3Golding+Fowles - WILLIAMGOLDING(19111993...

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WILLIAM GOLDING (1911-1993) A fabulator (focus on the fictive el.), a novelist of ideas; existentialism writer (like Sartre and  Camus). His view that evil is innate, but never indebted to existentialism. Anti-novel writer, also associate  w/ science-fiction, but above all ‘myth-making’. Experience of his life – worked as a teacher of Eng. Lit. wanted to show the working of the  symbols of allegory and allusion in his book. Reveals his habits of a teacher.  ‘The Lord of the Flies’  demonstrates fictional possibilities. Attitudes:  - hostile critic – there’s no life, it’s all intention & manipulative ( внушава   идеи   че   човек   е грешен ), un roman a these(fr) - the most distinguished novel of the period. Was rejected 21 times& in the 22 nd  time was published. A modern classic & masterpiece. Genre –  social fable. Readings/interpretation – merit – open to various readings. Also simply an adventure story; an  island novel; novel about children; about the problem of evil (Bunyan’s novel ‘Pilgrim’s Progress’); social  fable, intellectual, Freudian novel -> Jack – Id, Ralph – Ego (conscious part), Piggy – Super-ego. Source – based on a 19 th  c novel (adv. Story ‘Coral Island’ , Balantine – adv. story in the Vict. Age;  early mixture of enterprise and happiness, boys are shipwrecked, true vict. gentlemen). But ‘LotF’ – gloomy  pessimism, war-type disaster, revert to savagery. Golding – reversal, revision, replication of ‘Coral Island’. The names are the same. It’s a parody of  ‘CI’. Ralph and Jack are enemies. Fire creates animosity. Hunting of human beings. No moral development,  but degradation. Autonomy.  Subj. matter – ‘the boys are suffering of a disease called ‘human’’ Symbols – corn-shell (sonch) – democracy, freedom of speech; beast – materialization; head of the  sow – ego; forest – self-discovery; paint – the mask. Ending – ‘happy’ ending. Not convincing – deux ex machina (god of a machine). Lit. device –  sudden but miraculous ending. G. is not a total pessimist. Problem of man’s personal responsibility.
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