3LawrJoyceWoolf - D.H.LAWRENCE (David Herbert Richards...

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D.H.LAWRENCE (David Herbert Richards Lawrence 1885-1930) 4 th child; father – barely literate miner; mother – former schoolmistress; spent his formative years in the coal mining town of Eastwood, Nottinghamshire; left for London; started teaching and writing there; possibly homo; WORKS: SONS AND LOVERS tells the story of Paul Morel, a young man and budding artist. It follows this idea: a woman of character and refinement goes into the lower class, and has no satisfaction in her own life. She has had a passion for her husband, so her children are born of passion, and have heaps of vitality. But as her sons grow up she selects them as lovers — first the eldest, then the second. These sons are urged into life by their reciprocal love of their mother — urged on and on. But when they come to manhood, they can't love, because their mother is the strongest power in their lives, and holds them. It's rather like Goethe and his mother and Frau von Stein and Christiana — As soon as the young men come into contact with women, there's a split. William gives his sex to a fribble, and his mother holds his soul. But the split kills him, because he doesn't know where he is. The next son gets a woman who fights for his soul — fights his mother. The son loves his mother — all the sons hate and are jealous of the father. The battle goes on between the mother and the girl, with the son as object. The mother gradually proves stronger, because of the ties of blood. The son decides to leave his soul in his mother's hands, and, like his elder brother go for passion. He gets passion. Then the split begins to tell again. But, almost unconsciously, the mother realizes what is the matter, and begins to die. The son casts off his mistress, attends to his mother dying. He is left in the end naked of everything, with the drift towards death. Explanation of the novel's title Lawrence rewrote the work four times until he was happy with it. Although before publication the work was usually called Paul Morel , Lawrence finally settled on Sons and Lovers . Just as the new title makes the work less focused on a central character, many of the later additions broadened the scope of the work, thereby making the work less autobiographical. While some of the edits by Garnett were on the grounds of propriety or style, others would once more narrow the emphasis back upon Paul. It contains a frequently quoted use of the English dialect word " nesh ". The speech of several protagonists is represented in Lawrence's written interpretation of the Nottinghamshire dialect [1] , which also features in several of his poems THEMES: Oedipus complex D.H. Lawrence was aware of Freud's theory, and Sons and Lovers famously uses the Oedipus complex as its base for exploring Paul's relationship with his mother. Paul is hopelessly devoted to his mother, and that love often borders on romantic desire. Lawrence writes many scenes between the two that go beyond the bounds of conventional mother-son love. Completing the Oedipal equation, Paul murderously hates his
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2011 for the course LITERATURE 105 taught by Professor Stevens during the Winter '11 term at Mitchell Community College.

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3LawrJoyceWoolf - D.H.LAWRENCE (David Herbert Richards...

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