3SHAW - GEORGEBERNARDSHAW( .WasIrish.,cozemphasisisupon...

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GEORGE BERNARD SHAW (26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950 ) He was a moral preacher og his time. Was Irish. His plays – dramas of ideas., coz emphasis is upon  ideas & social effect rather than upon poetic merit & form. His plays: battle-fields of conflicting ideas. 1) Ideology  – highly individualistic. Effective propagandist for his ideas: Socialism – Fabian society ( belief in the gradual evolution of society, not revolution). He believed  that the human nature should change. It must be good, improvement. Meliorism (Dickens, George Eliot).  Change of heart is more imp than social change. Religion – sense of sacredness of life (he didn’t eat meat or drink alcohol). Believed in purity of  living. Kind and generous. Belief in the  Life Force  – the mind is the highest manifestation. Theory of evolution. Feminism – derived chiefly from Ibsen; he thought that the Vict. Age was suppressing the genius.  Women have a subtle pwr beyond intellect. They are imaginative – superior to men. Scientism – believed in science, but was against vivisection (the use of guinea-pigs), agains  conpulsory vacsination. Pacifist. Master of paradox, irony. Abandoned plot, intro’d ‘talking drama’. Key  thechnique – to force the audience to see the other half. Anti-scientism 2) Style  – polemical, dialectic. Commands the L. of assertion. His innovation – intro’d the drama of  discussion; the so called ‘Talking play’; the ‘social problem’ drama; his masters – Moliere and Ibsen.  A key technique – turning everything topsy-turvy to compel his audience to think by making them  laugh. Used long rhetorical speeches in the manner of Moliere.
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