4 19cenPoetry.WhitmanDickinson

4 - The Fireside poets(aka the Schoolroom or Household poets The group is typically thought to comprise Henry Wadsworth Longfellow William Cullen

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The Fireside poets (aka the Schoolroom or Household poets) The group is typically thought to comprise Henry Wadsworth Longfellow , William Cullen Bryant , John Greenleaf Whittier , James Russell Lowell , and Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. , [2] who were the first American poets whose popularity rivaled that of British poets , both at home and abroad, nearly surpassing that of Alfred Lord Tennyson . The name "Fireside Poets" is derived from that popularity: The Fireside Poets' general adherence to poetic convention—standard forms , regular meter , and rhymed stanzas —made their body of work particularly suitable for memorization and recitation in school and also at home, where it was a source of entertainment for families gathered around the fire. The poets' primary subjects were the domestic life, mythology, and politics of America, in which several of the poets were directly involved. The Fireside Poets did not write for the sake of other poets; they wrote for the common people. They meant to have their stories told for families. Walt Whitman(1819-1892) : Family background: - born at West Hills, a village in the rural area of Long Island, New York - 'well-begotten', as he wrote 'and rais'd by a perfect mother', descendent of Quakers - his father, less than perfect, deep sympathy for political liberalism - various calamities suffered by his siblings The work of his life is Leaves of Grass Five editions and ten publications Wrote other poems and some highly respected essays and short stories (crudely moralistic and unimpressive) Leaves of Grass - an inward autobiography that unfolds throughout the years Still the most remarkable first volume of poetry brought out in the United States Blank verse A little collection of twelve poems, with a long preface Three poems - intensely autobiographical: "There Was a Child Went Forth", "Song of Myself", and "The Sleepers". "There was a Child Went Forth": a double process Song of Myself - Autobiographical in a more subtle way An example of “the modern and Romantic version of the old epic” Substitutes the old heroes with a heroic presence suitable to our present Not a story in the traditional sense Explores himself within his world and within a continuing present Not a classic dramatic form - a series of emotions that complete the portrait of the poet A continuous expression of his individual and American identity: I celebrate myself, and sing myself, And what I assume you shall assume For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you A cosmic democratic persona, a microcosm of all that is America
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2011 for the course LITERATURE 105 taught by Professor Stevens during the Winter '11 term at Mitchell Community College.

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4 - The Fireside poets(aka the Schoolroom or Household poets The group is typically thought to comprise Henry Wadsworth Longfellow William Cullen

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