Two important New England Settlements: (1)
The Plymouth Colony:
arrives (1620); leader – William bradford; settlers known as pilgrims and separatists; the
mayflower compact provides for social, religious, and economic freedom, while still
maintaining ties to Britain;
The Mayflower Compact /1620/:
1. The journey for the glory of God, advance of the Christian faith.2. For the king + for the
country.3. Sign a covenant
in front of God + one another to combine themselves together into
a civil body public.
Everything is done for the good of the colony and their own good.41
(2) The Massachusetts Bay Colony: Flagship Arbella arrives (1630) – leader John Winthrop;
settlers are mostly puritans; the Arbella Covenant clearly establishes a religious and theocratic
settlement, free of ties to Great Britain;
A Model of Christian Charity /1630/ - Winthrop
1. Some must be rich some poor, why-to protect poor from the rich; poor do not rise against
their superiors; to knit them in brotherly affection. Talks about natural laws, their connection
to the Creator, examples from the Bible-deeds +characters.
2. Propounds: the person
-they are company, by the bond of love and followers of Christ; the
-by mutual consent, seek a place where to live under a civil + ecclesiastical government;
-improve their lives, do service to the Lord, to work out their salvation; the means
-conformity with the work. They should love help each other. This is a covenant with G if
arrive safely>he has signed too. If they fail
not to bring them there safely. To be City upon
a hill-closer to G+all people to look at them. This is the way they will live, their children too.
What is Puritanism?
1. New England - Protestantism, Calvinism. American bourgeois ideology as distinguished
from European - the difference b/n myth and history. Americans created the myth. New
England itself was the product of the Old World customs, modified by the new environment.
There were originally 13 colonies along the Atlantic coast.
c. English society. There had been voyages (Columbus), then Americo Vespuci. He
realized he had hit upon a new land, called Mundos Nuevos. Explorers from Spain, France,
Portugal. The continent has been found as early as the year 1000. The English were the first -
the idea to colonize the New World (colonized - 1682 by Fr. Bacon). There were three
different groups of colonizators:
English merchants - shrewd with business sense. The discovery of the tobacco crop
made them stay. They were motivated by business drive.
Puritans - religious motivated.
The only alternative of gallows.
The settlement, conquest and colonization came in the middle period of the development of
the Puritan movement in England. The movement was in essence socio-politically related to
the bourgeoisie, ideas garbed in religious ideology. The gentry-merchant class alliance with
nobility. They began to fight for political reign, to the king's divine right to rule ,they opposed