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4RomIrvEmerPoeMelvHawth - AMERICAN ROMANTICISM It shares...

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AMERICAN ROMANTICISM - It shares many characteristics with British romanticism . It flourished in the glow of Wordsworth's poetic encounter with nature and himself in The Prelude , the lush imagery of Keats, and the transcendental lyricism of Shelley.Growing from the rhetoric of salvation, guilt, and providential visions of Puritanism, the wilderness reaches of this continent, and the fiery rhetoric of freedom and equality, though, the American brand of romanticism developed its own character, especially as these writers tried self-consciously to be new and original. EARLY ROMANTICISM – W.IRVING (1783-1859) A conspicuous ехаmple of the tensions between the didactic and romantic understanding of literature at the age of forty to become а professional writer THE LEGEND OF THE SLEEPY HOLLOW "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" is a short story by Washington Irving contained in his collection The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent., written while he was living in Birmingham, England and first published in 1819. The story is set in the Dutch settlement of Tarry Town (the northern portion of which is now Sleepy Hollow, Westchester County, New York, United States), near a sequestered glen called Sleepy Hollow, around the year 1787. It tells the story of Ichabod Crane, a priggish schoolmaster from Connecticut who is scared away from town by Abraham "Brom Bones" van Brunt, his rival in love for the hand of eighteen-year-old Katrina van Tassel, daughter of Baltus van Tassel and a fifth-generation Dutch immigrant herself. The legend featured in the story is that of the Headless Horseman or Galloping Hessian of the Hollow, the ghost of a Hessian trooper who lost his head to a cannon-ball during "some nameless battle" of the American Revolutionary War and who "rides forth to the scene of battle in nightly quest of his head." The denouement of the fictional tale is set at the bridge in the real location of the Old Dutch Burying Ground in Sleepy Hollow (formerly North Tarrytown), adjacent to Sleepy Hollow Cemetery. The characters of Ichabod Crane and Katrina van Tassel may have been based on local residents known to the author. The character of Katrina is thought to have been based upon Eleanor and her name comes from Eleanor's aunt Catriena Ecker van Tassel. Notable film adaptations include: The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad directed by James Algar, Clyde Geronimi and Jack Kinney, first released on October 5, 1949 by RKO Radio Pictures. It is an animated cartoon version of the story, paired with a similar treatment of Kenneth Grahame's The Wind in the Willows and produced by Walt Disney Productions. It is somewhat darker than the original story and whether the visually impressive Horseman is an actual ghost or a human in disguise is left unclear.
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