06. SouthernLiterature[1] - THE SOUTHERN LITERARY...

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THE SOUTHERN LITERARY THE SOUTHERN LITERARY RENAISSANCE RENAISSANCE Writers Movements Themes
2 The American South The American South Includes 16 states The South Atlantic States: Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia and West Virginia(plus the District of Columbia)
3 The American South The American South The East South Central States: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi and Tennessee The West South Central States: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma and Texas As defined by the Census Bureau currently contains eight of the twenty-five largest metropolitan areas, as well as portions of two others
4 The American South The American South Not all definitions of the South based on strictly geographic divisions Culture and history also playing a large role in defining what is the South The Deep South: - a cultural and geographic sub-region - the Mississippi delta: East Arkansas, South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana
5 The American South The American South Historically, the South refers to the Old South: - Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia The Deep South and the Old South used to be known colloquially as Dixie, and may still be referred to nostalgically as such
6 The South and the Northeast The South and the Northeast The South not settled by Puritans Settled by a wide variety of people with diverse motives who saw great opportunities in the warm and fertile South The Puritans regarded nature and themselves as corrupted The early travelers, explorers, and promoters of life in the South saw the region as a New Eden where mankind could begin its history anew
7 The American South The American South The end of the Civil War and its aftermath - sharpening and perpetuating cultural differences - the economic discriminations locked the region for years - a colonial economy - remained basically rural, agricultural, and poor - industrialization was transforming it but too slowly
8 The Literary South The Literary South This original cleanness, and its tragic marring, have remained a central preoccupation of Southern literature Another version of the New Eden was the agrarian ideal, most prominently espoused by Thomas Jefferson At the beginning of the twentieth century this ideal was still vital in the South
9 The Literary South The Literary South To be a Southern writer does not necessarily mean to have Southern parents (Eudora Welty) It does not mean spending your whole life in that region, either (William Styron) Historically Southern literature is quite unique as a literary tradition on its own
10 The Southern Agrarians The Southern Agrarians Appeared in the 1920, took a clearly expressed anti-industrial stance Became known also as the “Fugitives” - the name of the literary magazine The Fugitive, published from 1922 to 1925 at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee - the tittle of their anthology of verse, Fugitives: An Anthology of Verse (1928)

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