07. SouthernLit2 - THE SOUTHERN LITERARY THE SOUTHERN...

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Unformatted text preview: THE SOUTHERN LITERARY THE SOUTHERN LITERARY RENAISSANCE RENAISSANCE Writers Movements Themes 2 William Faulkner (1897-1962) William Faulkner (1897-1962) 3 Family Background Family Background The firstborn son of a family prominent for three generations The greatgrandson of Colonel William C. Falkner, a Civil War hero and a writer Grew up amidst tales from his familys past, a sense of an inevit- able decline on him Colonel William C. Falkner 1826 -1889 4 Life and Work Life and Work Born in 1897 in New Albany, Mississippi, in 1902 the family moved to Oxford, Mss. Mississippi State: a quintessence of the old South; no big cities, its provinm relatively untempered by national influences, its ideal southern A volatile mixture of extremes: a manorial society side by side with a white folk culture still fiercely independent and still practicing the frontier virtues and vices 5 Educational Background Educational Background Sketchy formal education: two years at high school and a year at the University of Mississippi Enrolled in late 1919 after an unsuccessful attempt to take part in the WWI A special student Illustrated several campus publications, wrote some poetry sequences for various girlfriends 6 Faulkners Literary Education Faulkners Literary Education Found a dramatic club The Marionettes, Wrote a Symbolist-inspired play The Marionettes, never produced Phil Stone who studied at Yale introduced him to the classics, to the contemporary modernist poets and to Balzac Profound knowledge of Biblical myths, instilled by his family, and an enduring love for the works of Melville, Cervantes, Dostoyevsky, and Conrad 7 Faulkners Apprenticeship Faulkners Apprenticeship Dropping out of the University in 1921, moved to NY, met Elizabeth Prall, the future wife of Sherwood Anderson Apprenticeship with Anderson in 1925, in New Orleans Became acquainted with Freuds theories of sexuality The mythic world of Frazers Golden Bough The implications of the literary innovations 8 Faulkners Apprenticeship Faulkners Apprenticeship Absorbed the despair of the post-war generation and melded all these influences in his first novel Soldiers Pay published with Andersons help in 1926 He left for Europe where he fell in love with France forever Returning to Mississippi, he worked at various jobs but all his various false starts and apparently aimless adventuring were to be used in one way or another 9 Faulkners Life Faulkners Life Unhappy love affairs His beloved Estelle married another man only to divorce him and to marry Faulkner Some degree of security and identity which helped him write 7 masterpieces between 1929 and 1942....
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07. SouthernLit2 - THE SOUTHERN LITERARY THE SOUTHERN...

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