Characteristic Features of Modernist Poetry•The shift of emphasis on the self-referentiality of poetic language based on the very modern notion of a crisis of language; •A search for the overall coherence of language as the preeminent cultural system; •The increasing doubt about the possibility of identifying a single, unified speaking subject as the voice in modernist poerty.
The Great Variety of American Modernist Poetry•The dadaist and surrealist poems of Gertrude Stein •The Imagist poems of Ezra Pound, H.D. (Hilda Doolittle) and Amy Lowell•T. S .Eliot’s The Waste Land
Ezra Pound in 1913.H.D. in the mid 1910s
The Great Variety of American Modernist Poetry•Vachel Lindsay’s doomed fantasy of a fully public, participatory, democratic poetry;•The restrained and universalizing regional poems of William Carlos Williams;•The prolific Black poetry of Langston Hughes and the other blues writers of the Harlem Renaissance.
The Great Variety of American Modernist Poetry•The populist poems celebrating American life (Little Red Song Book,1909, IWW, Joe Hill)•The socially and politically engaged poetry that appeared and continued to develop especially throughout the late 20s and the 30s
Modernist Poetic Landmarks•Alfred Stieglitz’s Camera Work Magazine:•Gertrude Stein’s essays •Mina Loy’s “Aphorisms on Futurism”
Harriet Monroe’s Poetry
Gertrude Stein1874-“The Mother of Us All” (1946) •Studied with William James at Radcliffe College •Studied brain anatomy at Johns Hopkins Medical School •Major preoccupations: •characterization •the reader’s preoccupation with the text.
Expatriation•In 1903 moved to France•Met Alice B. Toklas•Returned to the United States only once, in