THE SOUTHERN LITERARY THE SOUTHERN LITERARY RENAISSANCERENAISSANCEWritersMovementsThemes
The American SouthThe American South•Includes 16 states•The South Atlantic States: Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia and West Virginia(plus the District of Columbia)
The American SouthThe American South•The East South Central States: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi and Tennessee•The West South Central States: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma and Texas. The region as defined by the Census Bureau currently contains eight of the twenty-five largest metropolitan areas in the United States, as well as portions of two others.
The American SouthThe American South•However, not all definitions of the South are based on strictly geographic divisions, with culture and history also playing a large role in defining what is the South. •The Deep South is a cultural and geographic subregion of the American South which consists of that part of the Mississippi delta: East Arkansas, South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana.
The American SouthThe American South•Historically, the South can also refer to the Old South, the Southern states represented in the original thirteen American colonies: Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. The Deep South and the Old South used to be known colloquially as Dixie, and may still be referred to nostalgically as such.
The American SouthThe American South•Unlike the Northeast, the South was not settled by Puritans attempting to found a theocracy, but by a wide variety of people with diverse motives who saw great opportunities in the warm and fertile South. •While the Puritans regarded nature and themselves as corrupted, the early travelers, explorers, and promoters of life in the South saw the region as a New Eden where mankind could begin its history anew.
The American SouthThe American South•The end of the Civil War and its aftermath had the effect of sharpening and perpetuating cultural differences, while the economic discriminations locked the region for years into what amounted to a colonial economy, remaining basically rural, agricultural, and poor since industrialization was transforming it but too slowly.
The Literary SouthThe Literary South•This original cleanness, and its tragic marring, have remained a central preoccupation of Southern literature. •Another version of the New Eden was the agrarian ideal, most prominently espoused by Thomas Jefferson. At the beginning of the twentieth century this ideal was still vital in the South.
The Literary SouthThe Literary South•To be a Southern writer does not necessarily mean to have Southern parents (Eudora Welty)•It does not mean spending your whole life in that region, either (William Styron) •Historically Southern literature is quite unique as a literary tradition on its own.
The Southern AgrariansThe Southern Agrarians•Appeared in the 1920, took a clearly