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AIDS_FinalReview2011 - 1 Review for Final Exam The final...

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Review for Final Exam The final exam will consist of questions in the multiple-choice and true/false format. A scantron will be provided for the final exam. Focus on the lectures (i.e. notes and PowerPoint slides) and readings, particularly the posted articles. Modes of HIV transmission & Prevention of HIV/AIDS - How have the trends in misconception about HIV/AIDS changed over time? - Three reasons why HAART is not the ultimate panacea for HIV/AIDS - Three examples of how antiretroviral therapy benefits prevention - How have HIV infection rates in the U.S. changed in the last 25 years? o What can we attribute the decline in infection in the mid-to-late 1980s? o Refer to slide Current Challenge in the U.S.; know three potential reasons for the recent increase in infection rates among MSM. - From the 1980s to1990s, what group was targeted for prevention efforts? Why? - Positive prevention is endorsed by whom? It is consistent with ? o Know the recommendations for Africa outlined in both the required reading and slides. - Know the sources of infectious HIV o HIV is present in which cells? o Why can HIV be readily transmitted via some bodily fluids (e.g. blood), but not others (e.g. perspiration) ? o High concentrations of HIV are found in which four bodily fluids? o Is HIV fragile outside of its host? - From an epidemiologic perspective, why do family members of HIV+ hemophiliacs offer a unique opportunity to study casual transmission of HIV? - Three modes of HIV transmission : 1) Identify the three forms of Blood-to-blood transmission ; o What can be done to prevent these routes of transmission ? - 2) Sexual transmission o Why is intercourse (vaginal/anal) a good mode of transmission? o What is the approximate risk of male to female transmission of HIV? Reasons why one gender is more susceptible to HIV than the other o Review slide on oral-genital transmission of HIV o Be familiar with the ABC campaign What do the three letters represent?
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