Standardized Testing essay

Standardized Testing essay - Standardized Testing Michael...

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Standardized Testing Michael Wenstrup English 12 Vaneenaanam November 23, 2010 Standardized tests are designed in a way that the questions, conditions for  administering, scoring procedures, and interpretations are consistent and are  administered and scored in a predetermined, standard manner. There are two types  of scoring interpretations of standardized tests, a norm-referenced score  interpretation and a criterion-referenced interpretation. A norm-referenced score  interpretations are measures that compare the success between test-takers.  Criterion-referenced interpretations compare test takers results to a predetermined 
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standard. Standardized tests are now a major part of American Education  (Wikipedia). They are used for college admissions, high school exit exams, and  knowledge based tests among all grade levels. However Standardized were not  always a norm in the American Education. The earliest record of standardized tests  comes from China, where hopefuls for government jobs filled out examinations  testing their knowledge of philosophy and poetry. Where in the Western World  (United States), examiners preferred essay based tests promoting creativity and  reason, a tradition that originated from the ancient Greeks. It wasn’t until the  Industrial Revolution progressed that standardized tests became customary in the  United States because more and more people were leaving the agricultural world to  become educated, standardized tests emerged as a quick and easy way for  examiners to test a large number of students (Fletcher). Although standardized  tests have become a common way to quickly and easily measure a student’s  knowledge, standardized tests do contain flaws. Standardized tests undermine the  importance of creativity and innovation, cause teachers to teach solely on what’s  administrated on the standardized tests, cause scoring information loss, are biased,  measure superficial thinking, are expensive, and negatively affect high school  graduation and college admission.
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Standardized tests focus on limited subjects such limits students and  undermines the nation’s strengths of creativity and knowledge. Bill Ayers a professor  at the University of Illinois at Chicago said, “Standardized tests can’t measure  initiative, creativity, imagination, conceptual thinking, curiosity, effort, irony, judgment,  commitment, nuance, good will, ethical reflection, or a host of other valuable  dispositions and attributes. What they can measure and count are isolated skills,  specific facts and function, content knowledge, the least interesting and least  significant aspects of learning (Cloud).” Yong Zhao, a professor at Michigan State 
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Standardized Testing essay - Standardized Testing Michael...

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