5-2 Project One .docx - How the Criminal Justice System Works in the United States The U.S Constitution The U.S Constitution is known as \u201cthe supreme

5-2 Project One .docx - How the Criminal Justice System...

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How the Criminal Justice System Works in the United States The U.S. Constitution The Bill of Rights The U.S. Constitution is known as “the supreme law of the land”. It was written in 1787 and has been in effect since 1789. The Constitution created our national government which consists of three branches: Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. It also helped to bring about Federal laws and State laws as well as places limitations on the government to protect the rights of United States citizens. Law enforcement must abide by the U.S. Constitution to respect the rights of citizens. Police officers must know the law and always act ethically. The policies of police agencies are written in accordance with the Constitution to make sure citizens’ rights are not being violated. The fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution “granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States. It forbids states from denying any person “life, liberty, or property, without due process of law or to deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws” (Library of Congress, 2018). Any person born in the United States is automatically a citizen and is granted rights by the Constitution. This expanded the protection of civil rights to all individuals born in America regardless of their race or gender. The Bill of Rights were proposed to address the issue of a lack of rights for Americans. Initially, twelve amendments were proposed but only ten passed. The Bill of Rights contain the first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution. These ten amendments

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