Italian Americans and Ethnic Relations

Italian Americans and Ethnic Relations - Italian Americans...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Italian Americans and Ethnic Relations Each region of Italy maintained it’s culture throughout the rules of different empires Who were the Italic Tribes? o The Etruscans – thought to have gathered throughout Italy as a result of natural disasters o The Celtic Gauls - “Cisalpine Gauls” – Moved in from French region. Found throughout Europe, settled primarily in Piedmont/ top half of Italy o Sicils – Seculi – Once lived in central Italy, migrated to Sicily Sicily - Fertile island; occupies very strategic point in the Mediterranean; extremely vulnerable because it is a highly visible island with low mountains, full of large bays and inlets. Due to the openness of Italy, they were conquered many times by different empires; Poverty o Invading Empires: Greeks Phoenicians – From Africa Romans – Stay for 800 years, unify Italy Arabs – 9 th century Normans Bourbons – From Spain Bavarians – From Germany France – Napoleon 19 th century Bourbons – once again o Legacies left by the invasions: Fostered regionalism Architecture/ Statuary Dialects are regional Why was Rome important? o Dominant culture shift from Africa and Middle East to Europe o Romans were great assimilators; incorporate Greekk culture (and others) into myths/ architecture, etc. . o Rome is the world’s first multicultural city o Rome: 260BC – 286AD (division of empire) Pax Romana – the Golden age of Rome (27AD – 180AD) 450AD – the END of Rome o Built roads and aquaducts o Built town squares ( Piazzas ), theatres, and ampitheatres o Established census and concensus, Roman senate o Instituted penal code: All men are innocent until proven guilty, all men are equal under the law o Established liberal arts as a regular course of study o Humanism became important La Storia – Chapters 1 & 2
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
La mere des artes - “The mother of the Arts” – Italian immigrants were artists, musicians, architects, etc… giving Italy this nickname The Risorgimento - Italian unification movement that turned Italy into a single nation. Started in 1815 with the Congress of Vienna and the end of Napoleonic rule Giuseppe Garibaldi - Italian military and political hero who helped liberate many South American colonies before fighting for the Risorgimento in Italy Giuseppe Mazzini – Italian patriot, philosopher and politician who failed to establish a Roman republic in 1848 and 1849; Leader in the Italian revolution Mezzogiorno - The southern portion of Italy, including Sicily. Reference to the mid-day heat Mondus Novus - A pamphlet by Amerigo Vespucci which told of his experiences exploring the new world Christopher Columbus - Born in Genoa, funded by the Spanish Amerigo Vespucci - Born in Florence, funded by the Spanish Giovanni Cabato – Born in Genoa, funded by England Giovanni Da Verrazzano - Born in Florence, funded by the French The original reason people objected to the canonization of Columbus is that they
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/13/2011 for the course BIO 362 taught by Professor Walikarzai during the Spring '10 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

Page1 / 8

Italian Americans and Ethnic Relations - Italian Americans...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online