Chapter 19 - Chapter 19 The United States and World War I...

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Chapter 19: The United States and World War I 1916-1920 The Spanish-American War had established the US as an international empire. Although Britain still dominated world banking and the British pound remained the major currency of international trade, the US had become the leading industrial power; by 1914, it produced over one-third of the world’s manufactured goods. America’s growing economic connections with the outside world led to increasing military and political involvement. An Era of Intervention o Just as they expanded the powers of the federal gov in domestic affairs, the Progressive presidents were not reluctant to project American power outside the country’s borders. “I Took the Canal Zone” o Just as he distinguished between good and bad trusts, Theodore Roosevelt divided the world into “civilized” and “uncivilized” nations; believing that the former had an obligation to establish order in an unruly world. (720) o In his first major action in Central America, Roosevelt engineered the separation of Panama from Columbia in order to facilitate the construction of a canal linking the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. In 1903, when Colombia, of which Panama was a part, refused to cede land for the project, Roosevelt helped to set in motion an uprising by conspirators led by Philippe Bunau-Varilla, a representative of the Panama Canal Company. An American Gunboat prevented the Colombian army from suppressing the rebellion. The Roosevelt Corollary o Roosevelt’s actions in Panama reflected a principle that came to be called the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine. This held that the US had the right to exercise “an international police power” in the Western Hemisphere – a significant expansion of Monroe’s pledge to defend the hemisphere against European intervention. Moral Imperialism
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o Woodrow Wilson repudiated Dollar Diplomacy and promised a new foreign policy that would respect Latin America’s independence and free it from foreign economic domination. (722) o To Wilson, expanding American economic influence served a higher purpose then mere profit. o Wilson’s “moral imperialism” produced more military interventions in Latin American than any president before or since. Wilson and Mexico o Wilson’s major preoccupation in Latin American was Mexico, where in 1911 a revolution led by Francisco Madero overthrew the government of dictator Porfirio Diaz. Two years later, without Wilson’s knowledge but with the backing of the US ambassador and of American companies that controlled Mexico’s oil and mining industries, military commander Victoriano Huerta assassinated Madero and seized power. o
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2011 for the course BIO 362 taught by Professor Walikarzai during the Spring '10 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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Chapter 19 - Chapter 19 The United States and World War I...

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