Class 10

Class 10 - Puzzle: Irrational States? Would you expect a...

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Puzzle: Irrational States? Would you expect a state to ban an activity that had been extremely profitable for its citizens and itself (through taxes)? Slave trade 1700s blacks seen as inferior Slave colonies in Caribbean very profitable: sugar consumption up 80% btwn 1785-1805 Slavery banned in UK in 1807, colonies in 1833 Why would B ban slavery when the US, a rival, still allowed slavery? What does a realist care about? Relative power: how many guns and bombs does the other guy have? Economy: how many guns/bombs can I make? What does a liberal care about? Public Interest Regimes: perceptual strategy If UK’s rivals (US) kept slavery, did banning it make the UK weaker or stronger, relative to rivals? Prediction of realism: UK should keep slavery Did the slave trade benefit voting groups in the UK (businesses, consumers)? YES: Planters launched campaigns calling slaves “assistant planters” Prediction of liberalism: UK should keep slavery The “first Human Rights movement” Moral values over profit/power (state goals) races as equal Coalition: combination of interests Ex-slaves, religious groups (Quakers), labour groups seeking to improve labour conditions Transnational: civil society groups collaborated across borders (Frederick Douglass travelled to UK) How do materially weaker actors change the policies of stronger entities like states? More people signed anti-slavery petitions than were eligible to vote in the UK We can’t explain this by state interest or democratic politics We have to look at two things we haven’t examined thus far
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Class 10 - Puzzle: Irrational States? Would you expect a...

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