Ch1 - Psychology scientific study of behaviour and mental...

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Psychology – scientific study of behaviour and mental processes and how people think (cognition), feel (emotion), and act (behaviour) The Need for Psychological Science - Limits of personal exp - Testimonials from others - Confirmation bias - Other biases: availability, anchoring, adjusting, recency Limits of Intuition and Common Sense Hindsight bias - believe one would’ve foreseen an outcome after knowing it; everything seems obvious - I knew it all along phenomenon - Common sense can be misleading when opposite outcomes are both reasonable Overconfidence - Human tendency to be overly confident limits everyday thinking - The Scientific Attitude The Quest for truth Reasoning (theories) + science = truth Anecdotal evidence + science + reasoning (theories) = truth - Curious skepticism, open-mindedness, humility critical thinking - “what do you mean, how do you know?” - Truths nature reveals in response to our questioning “Learn from science that you must doubt experts… science is the belief in the ignorance of experts.” - Richard Feynman The Scientific Method protects us from scientific reasoning - Objective observation and logically necessary conclusions Ensure conclusions are not beyond the data - Parsimonious (efficient) explanations - Independent replication - Skepticism - Careful designs (control)
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- Falsifiability - Open-mind to interpretations Theory – organizes and predicts behaviour or events through an integrated
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2011 for the course PSYCH 102 102 taught by Professor Hamilton during the Spring '09 term at The University of British Columbia.

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Ch1 - Psychology scientific study of behaviour and mental...

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