Ch15 - Personality - Indvs characteristic pattern of...

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Personality - Indv’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, acting The Psychoanalytic Perspective Sigmund Freud’s theory proposed that childhood sexuality and unconscious motivations influence personality. - Ideas about unconscious region of mind, psychosexual stage, defence mechanisms for anxiety Exploring the Unconscious Free association – explore unconscious mind in relaxed state, say whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing Psychoanalysis – attribute thought/action to unconscious motives/conflicts - Treat disorder by exposing/interpreting unconscious tensions Iceberg Structure: Ego – reality principle; “executive” mediator; conscious mind - satisfy id realistically with pleasure not pain Preconscious – outside awareness, but accessible Superego – conscience ; internalized ideals judge standards for future aspirations Id – Pleasure principle ; operate immediate gratification - unconscious psychic energy satisfy basic sexual/aggressive drives Unconscious – contains mostly repressed unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, memories; unaware processing of info - Manifest (remembered) content of dreams - Latent (censored expression) content of unconscious wishes in dreams Development: Psychosexual Stages – childhood id’s pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones (oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital) Oedipus complex – boy’s sexual desires to mother and jealousy/hatred to rival father - Possible female Electra complex Identification – children incorporate parents’ values into developing superegos
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Fixation – lingering focus on unresolved psychosexual conflicts Defence Mechanisms: - Reduce anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality to disguise threatening impulse Repression – underlies all the other defence mechanisms Regression – retreat to infantile development stage (thumb-sucking) Reaction Formation – ego makes unacceptable impulses into opposites Projection – disguises threatening impulses by attributing them to others Rationalization – self-justifying explain to hide real reasons for actions Displacement – divert sexual/aggressive impulses to more acceptable object/person The Neo-Freudian and Psychodynamic Theorists Difference: 1. Emphasis on conscious mind’s role in interpreting experience and coping
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Ch15 - Personality - Indvs characteristic pattern of...

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