Ethical_Theory_Final[1]

Ethical_Theory_Final[1] - Jermane Hunt May 13, 2010 Ethical...

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Jermane Hunt May 13, 2010 Ethical Theory Final Category 3: Plato- Morality as a Good in Itself Summary In his work Plato talks about the issues of morality and immorality using the three perspectives of Socrates, Glaucon and Adeimantus to discuss which should one prefer or which is truly more profitable. Glaucon begins the argument with a tinge of dissatisfaction in the retirement of Thyrasymachus, a philosopher who suggested immoral living, and questioning the very act of being moral. He starts at what he thinks is the core of the issue, with the inquire as to what the very organization of a good, that which is understood to be leading to ultimate happiness on earth. Glaucon expresses a good to include three classes or levels of distinction that determine the validity of action, feelings and opinion. The first good is said to be “that which we welcome for their own sakes”, something “independent of consequences.”(27, Plato) These include the harmless pleasures and enjoyments of humanity that have no true influence on others; these are the actions that come from our recreation. The second good is that “consisting of knowledge, sight and health”, are said not to be “desirable only in themselves, but also for their results”. (27, Plato) These are all parts that enhance out experience here on earth, they enable us to pursue the greater, that which aids in the fulfillment of human life and coexistence. The third of the goods is said
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to do us good but are regarded as “disagreeable and no one would choose them for their own sakes but chosen only for reward”. (27, Plato) These include that of “gymnastics, the care of the sick and various ways of money-making”, such as a job that will affect others as well as yourself, for a price, the worker using the time and skill for money and the injured getting helped despite the pain they experience. After these are mentioned Glaucon then asks Socrates where morality fits in amongst these classes but answers his own question by saying” that many see morality as that which is to be pursued for the sake of rewards and reputation, but in themselves are disagreeable and rather to be avoided”. (27, Plato) For it is sought after for outward sense of accomplishment, that which is longed for and not given as a true earning. Glaucon compares Thrasymachus to that of a snake because he never clearly expresses why he feels immorality is the way. Sort of like baiting an audience just enough to convince them and not give one’s inner thoughts to rationalize the matter. This is thought to be the very reason that Glaucon is unclear about the nature of morality and immorality for he expresses his curiosity to Socrates as he works to prove his pint of immortal living as greater. He searches to find what the two are in and of themselves and how they work in the soul to rationalize which is better overall as a result of action with hidden intensions. Within his questions it appears that Glaucon wants Socrates to prove him right by
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Ethical_Theory_Final[1] - Jermane Hunt May 13, 2010 Ethical...

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