Review Terms for Midterm Exam

Review Terms for Midterm Exam - Review Terms for Midterm...

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Review Terms for Midterm Exam Archaeology: Reconstruction of the human past on the basis material remains…Focus on human cultural evolution. Paleoanthropology: Anthropological study of the evolution of our species…Study the skeletal remains and cultures of ancient hominids. Artifact: Anything manufactured by a human being or ancestor, but usually a portable object like a stone spearpoint or a clay pot. Site: A place where people lived/worked and where the physical evidence of their existence, in the form of artifacts, ecofacts and features, can be or has been recovered. Two types of sites with tools and bones Type one: stone flakes and bones from one animal, or one special of an animal Feature: The combination of artifacts and ecofacts at a site, reflecting a location where some human activity took place. Sediment: Matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid Stratigraphy: Layers of sediment that make up a site…earthquakes can cause shifting…the stuff on top is younger than the stuff below Where do we get Paleo (old) Paleoclimate data? Pollen Speleotherms Animal bones (types of animals) Ice cores (archeologists look for dust) Tree rings (annual growing of tree) Sea cores Soil conditions (health of dirt) Pleistocene: The geological epoch beginning about 1.7 million years ago and ending about 10,000 years ago. It was marked by a succession of colder periods, or glacials, interrupted by warmer periods, or interglacials. Holocene: The recent and current geological epoch. The Holocene followed the Pleistocene and represents a break with glacial climates. Warm Maximum: Period when world-wide temperatures rose beginning about 8,700 years ago. Depending on one’s location, temperatures between 0.5 C and 3 C, higher than they are currently. Relative Dating: Dating events in relation to other events Absolute Dating: Obtaining a true calindrical date Dating Techniques… Dating: Ranking events in terms of their age in relation to other events Radiocarbon Dating : Carbon 12, Carbon 14 o Every living thing takes up Carbon 14
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Review Terms for Midterm Exam - Review Terms for Midterm...

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