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The first major change in scientific thought was in the field of biology

The first major change in scientific thought was in the field of biology

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The first major change in scientific thought was in the field of biology. Linnaeus, the  Swedish biologist, had proposed the first successful taxonomy of all species of plants  and animals. This taxonomy abandoned the theory of the chain of being that claimed  that all living creatures formed and unbroken scale of complexity and nobility,  terminating with the most complex and noble of all, humanity. Instead, Linnaeus showed  that life could be divided into five separate kingdoms, each divergent from the others. The rise of evolutionist thinking made the idea of a chain of being fall out of favor. By the  19th century, it was increasingly obvious from archaeological research that some  species could become extinct and others could arise, apparently spontaneously.  Conservative thinkers argued that these extinctions and creations were the work of an  active God. However, others argued that there were natural, non-religious explanations 
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