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When the The Origin of Species was published

When the The Origin of Species was published - the theory...

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When the  The Origin of Species  was published, Darwin carefully sent copies to all of the  scientific leaders of his day, both those he thought would hate the book and those he  hoped would love it. In all of his accompanying letters he was extremely self-effacing.  Darwin's old mentor, Adam Sedgwick, for instance, wrote a savage review of Darwin's  book in the  Spectator.   His few supporters turned out to be those he had been preparing all along: Hooker,  Lyell, and, most importantly, Huxley. Huxley, who up until this point had been supportive  but never yet entirely convinced, was finally firmly on Darwin's side after seeing the  abundant evidence and clear argumentation. Huxley was renowned for his temper, and  he soon became known as "Darwin's bulldog" for his willingness to tenaciously defend 
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Unformatted text preview: the theory of evolution by natural selection. Huxley had a chance to test his teeth in a debate that took place in 1860. Darwin's most vocal critics, aside from Sedgwick, were the primate anatomist Richard Owen and the Bishop of Oxford, Samuel Wilberforce. During the annual meeting of the British Association at Oxford, after a talk that made some reference to Darwin's ideas, Wilberforce gave a half-hour tirade against Darwinism. Huxley, who was also in the audience, gave an impassioned reply, accusing the Bishop of "prejudice and falsehood." Tensions were high. At the time it was unclear who won the debate, but it has gone down in history as victory for Darwin. In any case it was clear that Darwinism could not be ignored....
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