AP European History Period 2 - Part 1 .pdf - 1 Intendants...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 12 pages.

1. Intendants: - Book : = The government’s chief agents in local areas around France. = Depended entirely on royal favor for their position, so they supported the king by recruiting for the army, raising taxes, and enforcing royal decrees. = Richelieu increased their power in order to generate revenue. - Quizlet : = French government agents who collected taxes and administered justice. = system created by Richelieu in order to weaken the nobility by having newly elected officials implement orders of Louis XIV in many districts of France = French royal officials who supervised the 32 provincial governments(generalities or districts) in the name of the king. Could NOT be natives of the districts that they managed. Supervised tax collection, recruited men for army, checked power of local nobility, and regulated economic trade. = System created by Cardinal Richelieu in order to weaken the nobility. The system replaced local officials with middle-class or minor noble civil servants and each of the country's thirty-two districts had an intendant responsible for maintaining justice, police, and finance. As a result of this system, the French government became more efficient and centrally controlled. = royal officials in provinces who had to execute the orders of the central gov. often came into conflict with local governors. intendants were installed by cardinal richelieu - Other : = Administrative official under the ancien régime in France who served as an agent of the king in each of the provinces, or généralités. 2. The Fronde: - Book : = Named after the sling (“fronde”) used as a weapon by the rebels. = Louis XII died -> Cardinal Jules Mazarin held power and used this power to amass a great personal fortune -> stimulated unrest among the nobility and peasants. = Event occured in 1648 when a coalition of Mazarin’s opponents presented him with a charter of demands that would give the members of regional courts and legislatures(called parlements) the right to approve new taxes. = Mazarin’s response: arrested the leaders of the Paris parlement -> led to a series of revolts that involved nearly every social group in France for five years -> Mazarin and Anne were forced to compromise with the parlements. - Quizlet: = a series of rebellions among French nobles opposing the policies of Richelieu and Mazarin. = a french rebellion that was caused by Mazarin's attempt to increase royal revenue and expand state bureaucracy, caused Louis XIV to distrust the state and turn to absolutism = Rebellions among French nobles, named after slingshots , this convince Louis XIV to not have heavy handed policies. = A series of revolts by French nobles against the authority of Louis XIV, Cardinal Jules Mazarin, and Anne of Austria triggered by objections to high taxes and increasing royal power. Fronde was the name of a child slingshot game.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture