100 Hume on skeptical doubts about the understanding.1

100 Hume on skeptical doubts about the understanding.1 -...

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David Hume, Inquiry concerning Human Understanding Skeptical doubts concerning the operation of the understanding Part I Like our previous readings, this one also concerns whether we know a set of truths we normally take foe granted. But this set is not knowledge directly based on sense perception. Take for granted we get know from the senses. The issue now is what we can know by reasoning from the knowledge we get from the senses. Two kinds of reasoning: A priori : concerning the relation of ideas. Example: mathematical reasoning. Does not depend on the actual existence of anything (in the external world.) Depends on the mere operation of thought. Can you explain what Hume means by this? A posteriori : concerning matters of fact. This is reasoning about the existence and
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Unformatted text preview: properties (or behavior) of what actual things in the world. The contrary of a matter of fact is always possible. So we can rule it out simply by thought about it. What is needed is observation and what we can infer from observation. All reasoning from observation is about causal relations: cause and effect. This includes: beliefs about what we presently cannot observe, beliefs about the past not directly based on memory, all beliefs about the future, and all beliefs about how things generally behave. We have no conception of what causes what a priori. We acquire such beliefs by experience, in particular, by observing which objects (events) are regularly conjoined....
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