rapport_echelon_en

rapport_echelon_en - EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT 1999 2004 Session...

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RR\445698EN.doc PE 305.391 EN EN EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT 1999 « « « « « « « « « « « « 2004 Session document FINAL A5-0264/2001 PAR1 11 July 2001 REPORT on the existence of a global system for the interception of private and commercial communications (ECHELON interception system) (2001/2098(INI)) Part 1: Motion for a resolution Explanatory statement Temporary Committee on the ECHELON Interception System Rapporteur: Gerhard Schmid
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PE 305.391 2/194 RR\445698EN.doc EN
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RR\445698EN.doc 3/194 PE 305.391 EN &Sed quis custodiet ipsos custodes.± Juvenal (ca. 60 to 130 AD), Sat. 6, 347
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PE 305.391 4/194 RR\445698EN.doc EN CONTENTS Page PROCEDURAL PAGE .............................................................................................................. 9 MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION ............................................................................................ 10 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT ............................................................................................. 21 1. Introduction: ....................................................................................................... 21 1.1. The reasons for setting up the committee . ................................................................ 21 1.2. The claims made in the two STOA studies on a global interception system codenamed ECHELON . ............................................................................................ 21 1.2.1. The first STOA report of 1997 . ................................................................................. 21 1.2.2. The 1999 STOA reports. ............................................................................................ 21 1.3. The mandate of the committee . ................................................................................. 22 1.4. Why not a committee of inquiry? . ............................................................................. 22 1.5. Working method and schedule . ................................................................................. 23 1.6. Characteristics ascribed to the ECHELON system . .................................................. 23 2. The operations of foreign intelligence services&&&&&. .................... 25 2.1. Introduction . .............................................................................................................. 25 2.2. What is espionage? . ................................................................................................... 25 2.3. Espionage targets. ...................................................................................................... 25 2.4. Espionage methods . ................................................................................................... 25 2.4.1. Human intelligence. ................................................................................................... 26 2.4.2. Processing of electromagnetic signals. ...................................................................... 26 2.5. The operations of certain intelligence services. ......................................................... 27 3. Technical conditions governing the interception of telecommunications. ........................................................................................... 30 3.1. The interceptibility of various communication media. .............................................. 30 3.2. The scope for interception on the spot . ..................................................................... 30 3.3. The scope for a worldwide interception system . ....................................................... 31 3.3.1. Access to communication media . .............................................................................. 31 3.3.2. Scope for the automatic analysis of intercepted communications: the use of filters . ........................................................................................................ 35 3.3.3. The example of the German Federal Intelligence Service. ........................................ 35
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RR\445698EN.doc 5/194 PE 305.391 EN 4. Satellite communications technology . ......................................................... 37 4.1. The significance of telecommunications satellites . .................................................. 37 4.2. How a satellite link operates. ..................................................................................... 38 4.2.1. Geostationary satellites. ............................................................................................. 38 4.2.2. The route followed by signals sent via a satellite communication link. .................... 38 4.2.3. The most important satellite communication systems. .............................................. 39 4.2.4. The allocation of frequencies. .................................................................................... 43 4.2.5. Satellite footprints. ..................................................................................................... 43 4.2.6. The size of antennae required by an earth station. ..................................................... 44 4.3. Satellite communications for military purposes . ....................................................... 45 4.3.1. General. ...................................................................................................................... 45 4.3.2. Frequencies used for military purposes . .................................................................... 45 4.3.3. Size of the receiving stations . .................................................................................... 45 4.3.4. Examples of military communications satellites. ...................................................... 45 5. Clues to the existence of at least one global interception system. .... 47 5.1. Why is it necessary to work on the basis of clues? . .................................................. 47 5.1.1. Evidence of interception activity on the part of foreign intelligence services . ......... 47 5.1.2. Evidence for the existence of stations in the necessary geographical areas . ............ 47 5.1.3. Evidence of a close intelligence association . ............................................................ 48 5.2. How can a satellite communications interception station be recognised? . ............... 48 5.2.1. Criterion 1: accessibility of the installation . ............................................................. 48 5.2.2. Criterion 2: type of antenna . ..................................................................................... 48 5.2.3. Criterion 3: size of antenna . ...................................................................................... 49 5.2.4. Criterion 4: evidence from official sources . ............................................................. 49 5.3. Publicly accessible data about known interception stations .................................... 50 5.3.1. Method. ...................................................................................................................... 50 5.3.2. Detailed analysis. ....................................................................................................... 50 5.3.3. Summary of the findings . .......................................................................................... 59 5.4. The UKUSA Agreement.
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2011 for the course CSCE 727 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.

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rapport_echelon_en - EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT 1999 2004 Session...

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