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stjacques_nsf - Doctoral Dissertation Research The...

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Doctoral Dissertation Research: The Implications of Economic and Social Mobility for Transnational West African Migrants in Spain Principal Investigator: Maxine L. Margolis, Ph.D., University of Florida Co-Principal Investigator: Ermitte St. Jacques, M.A., University of Florida Project Summary This project applies the framework of segmented assimilation which analyzes different patterns of immigrant integration to understand variations in transnational activities among West African immigrants in Barcelona, Spain. It examines the role of immigrant integration in determining the types of cross- border activities immigrants pursue and their level of engagement in these activities. Given the monetary and legal resources needed to facilitate certain transnational activities, this project proposes that immigrants with greater social and economic mobility in the host country will demonstrate a wider range and an increased frequency of transnational behaviors. For instance, West African immigrants having legal immigration status and occupational mobility will demonstrate greater transnational behaviors than those illegally residing in Spain and employed in low-wage menial jobs. Broader Impacts. The proposed project broadens the understanding of the relationship between immigrant integration and transnational behavior by studying populations that have been under- represented in transnational migration research in a country where mass immigration is a recent phenomenon. International migration research concerning Africans has centered mostly on the forced migration of refugees and labor movements. Examining how Spain’s migration policies and the social context of reception affect the integration of sub-Saharan Africans, and indirectly their transnational activities, also has applied implications.
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