2011-11-07 -- Science and Technology Merge

2011-11-07 -- Science and Technology Merge - Science and...

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Science and Technology Merge: New Visions, New Industries History 108 November 7, 2011 Prof. November
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Towards a Grand Unification Classical sciences (e.g. astronomy, mathematics, optics, mechanics) Deductive Empircal Phenomena studied since Antiquity Baconian sciences Inductive reasoning “New” phenomena: electricity, magnetism, heat, populations, genes
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Francis Galton (1822-1911) Charles Darwin’s cousin (common ancestor: Erasmus Darwin) Polymath, trained in mathematics at Cambridge Univ. Origin of the Species gives Galton direction Concern about his family’s and England’s fitness Wants to determine effects of evolution in humanity
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Galton’s Statistical Agenda Biometrics Study of vast samples of quantitative data Measurement and collection statistical analysis illuminates minute differences and changes Statistics illuminates significant variables Human intelligence quantified Hereditary Genius (1869) Inquiries into Human Faculty and its Development (1883)
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Francis Galton’s most prominent admirer Linear regression Correlation (does not imply causation) Pearson’s X 2 test for significance Phenotypic approach to heredity studies
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2011-11-07 -- Science and Technology Merge - Science and...

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