2011-10-12 -- Enlightenment and Encyclopedia

2011-10-12 -- Enlightenment and Encyclopedia - The...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Enlightenment History 108 October 12, 2011 Prof. November
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Big Questions What is the Enlightenment? How did it arise? What inspired it? What were its aims? Pursuit of knowledge What is its legacy?
Background image of page 2
Atomism Descartes resuscitates atomism We all believe in atoms but we’ve never seen one Opposed by Isaac Newton’s “subtle matters” and “ethers” Antoine Laurent Lavoisier : some “simple substances” can’t be broken down into their elements earth, air, fire, water just don’t add up
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Rene Descartes (1596-1650) “The material Universe is purely made out of ether.” Forget Earth, Air, Fire, Water; it’s all ether. Mind-body dualism: if the body can be analogized to a machine, where’s the mind (soul)? What is its mechanism? Cartesian mathematical methods
Background image of page 4
Isaac Newton (1643-1727) Isaac Newton’s major work: Theory of Gravity Laws of Motion Optical theories (prism – light’s spectrum is inherent) Calculus (we use Leibniz’ system today) Alchemist, theologian, experimentalist Joseph-Louis Lagrange, “[Newton was] the most fortunate, for we cannot find more than once a system of the world to establish.” Hypothesis non fingo “I feign no hypotheses” Predictive vs. explanatory models Tools for future investigators: there’s a world to describe!
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Enlightenment 18 th
Background image of page 6
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 20

2011-10-12 -- Enlightenment and Encyclopedia - The...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 7. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online