2011-10-05 -- Newton

2011-10-05 -- Newton - Newton and the Rise of Induction...

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Newton and the Rise of Induction History 108 October 5, 2011 Prof. November
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Early Modern Period 1500-1800 in Western Europe Formation of nation states Strong, centralized governments Independent institutions Church’s power diminishes Scientific Revolution
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The Scientific Revolution Begins in the late Renaissance Old definition: “When theology became subordinate to science.” Some historians now claim it never existed Euro-centric Describes new ideas that emerged between ~1550 and ~1700 Copernicus to Newton
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Why Copernicus to Newton? Copernicus subverts geocentrism (1550) Ptolemy and Church undermined End of the old system Newton provides new system (late 17 th Century) Mechanical Universe universal laws
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Francis Bacon (1561-1626) English Renaissance Man Trained as a lawyer Lord Chancellor Goals: Discovery of Truth Serve Country Serve Church Inductive Reasoning Facts Law
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Deductive Reasoning Aristotle’s example: “All men are mortal.” (law) “Socrates is a man.” (law) “Socrates is mortal.” (conclusion / fact) All Fords are better than all Chevrolets; therefore this Mustang is better than that Corvette.
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Inductive Reasoning All fire I have touched is hot. All fire is hot. 1+3 = 4
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2011-10-05 -- Newton - Newton and the Rise of Induction...

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