2011-08-24 -- Sci and Tech in the Urban Revolution

2011-08-24 -- Sci and Tech in the Urban Revolution -...

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Science and Technology in the Urban Revolution HISTORY 108 Professor November August 24, 2011
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Assignment 1 (due 8/31): Read an Artifact Pick a non-computer artifact and “read” it to elicit its meaning from its structure What systems of knowledge and technological networks need to be in place to make and use the artifact? Consider how it’s made from raw materials. Consider how it’s transported. Consider energy sources. Seemingly simple objects tell complex stories.
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Clarification of Terms Science “The state or fact of knowing” (OED) Latin, scientia (“knowledge”), from scīre (“know”) Technology “A discourse or treatise on an art or arts” (OED) Greek, téchni (“art, craft”) + logía (“study of”)
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Course Themes Science and technology interact, depend on each other Scientific and technological developments do not occur in a vacuum They are shaped by society They also shape society
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Putting History in Perspective Humans are not alone in using tools or being able to know things Homo sapiens emerged ~200,000 years BP Tool-using proto-humans as early as 2.5 million BP Lived as hunter-gatherers until 10,000 BP Recorded history begins ~8,000 BP (6000 BCE) History deals in verifiable written records and artifacts
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Science and Technology in Prehistory We don’t know what early humans knew But we can guess, thanks to anthropologists and archaeologists Most effort went into survival and procreation Developments before recorded history: Fire (300,000 BP) Elaborate Stone Tools, Bone Tools, Nets, Drawings, Traps (50,000 BP) Domestication of Animals and Plants (???)
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2011 for the course HIST 108 taught by Professor Dr.november during the Fall '11 term at South Carolina.

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2011-08-24 -- Sci and Tech in the Urban Revolution -...

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