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The importance of social organization

The importance of social organization - The importance of...

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The importance of social organization Social action Social action takes place when an individual orients his or her action with respect to another individual or other people Social interaction Mutual social action, with ongoing adjustments of behavior between individuals according to their perception of each other Social organization Social interaction according to regularized patterns; as individual interact, they follow previously established rules governing the interaction and interpret each other’s actions according to previously established meanings Forms of social organization Dyads Groups Formal organization Community Society Roles apply to status positions Social role: set of expectations for how an individual will act in a certain position Different from common-sense understanding, which would equate role with position Real life situation: each status position comes with multiple, often many sets of expectations Role set: all of the roles that pertain to a particular status position Do roles provide us with a script for our positions? Roles are important but not complete determinants of our actions Roles are ambiguous (incomplete guidelines) Roles are contradictory Within status positions: differing role expectations from other individuals can push a person in contradictory directions (role strain) Across status positions: role expectations attached to two or more status positions can push a person in contradictory
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