Ch14_Test_File - Chapter 14: The Eukaryotic Genome and Its...

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Chapter 14: The Eukaryotic Genome and Its Expression TEST FILE QUESTIONS Multiple Choice 1. Cheetahs are very susceptible to disease because a. they lack genetic diversity. b. they have many mutated genes. c. they have many more regulatory proteins compared to prokaryotes. d. they have very large genomes compared to prokaryotes. e. much of their DNA is noncoding. Textbook Reference: 14.0 Endangered Genomes, p. 306 2. Among eukaryotes, there is _______ relationship between complexity and genome size. a. an inverse b. a direct c. not always an inverse d. not always a direct e. no Textbook Reference: 14.1 What Are the Characteristics of the Eukaryotic Genome? p. 307 3. A lily, which has 18 times more DNA than a human, codes for _______ proteins. a. more b. the same number of c. fewer d. 337 e. 6,330 Textbook Reference: 14.1 What Are the Characteristics of the Eukaryotic Genome? p. 307 4. If it were stretched out, the DNA from a human cell would be _______ in length. a. 2 mm b. 2 m c. 2 km d. 2 μ m e. None of the above Textbook Reference: 14.1 What Are the Characteristics of the Eukaryotic Genome? p. 307 5. Human cells have approximately _______ times the amount of DNA found in prokaryotic cells. a. 10 b. 100 c. 1,000
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e. 100,000 Textbook Reference: 14.1 What Are the Characteristics of the Eukaryotic Genome? p. 308 6. In eukaryotic cells, transcription and translation a. are separated: Translation occurs in the nucleus, and transcription occurs in the cytoplasm. b. occur together in the cytosol. c. occur together in the nucleus. d. are separated: Translation occurs in the cytoplasm, and transcription occurs in the nucleus. e. are separated, except for proteins that bind to the DNA and ribosomes, which are translated in the nucleus. Textbook Reference: 14.1 What Are the Characteristics of the Eukaryotic Genome? 308 7. Each human chromosome must have a. a centromeric sequence. b. telomeric sequences. c. an origin of replication. d. All of the above e. None of the above Textbook Reference: 14.1 What Are the Characteristics of the Eukaryotic Genome? p. 308 8. RNA synthesis in eukaryotes occurs a. solely in mitochondria. b. primarily in the Golgi apparatus. c. primarily in the endoplasmic reticulum. d. primarily in the nucleus. e. solely in the cytoplasm. Textbook Reference: 14.1 What Are the Characteristics of the Eukaryotic Genome? p. 308 9. RNA translation in eukaryotes occurs a. solely in mitochondria. b. primarily in the Golgi apparatus. c. primarily in the endoplasmic reticulum. d. primarily in the nucleus. e. solely in the cytoplasm. Textbook Reference: 14.1 What Are the Characteristics of the Eukaryotic Genome? p. 308 10. In bacteria, transcription a. is separate from translation. b. occurs in the nucleus.
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2011 for the course BIO AP taught by Professor Bioages during the Spring '11 term at Coastal Carolina University.

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Ch14_Test_File - Chapter 14: The Eukaryotic Genome and Its...

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