Morphology 3 - Today Morphology III Derivation & Inflection...

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1 Morphology III November 2, 2011 Today… Word structure Recap Morphemes Roots Affixes Affixes Affix: a bound morpheme attached to a root ** an affix doesn’t have a lexical category on its own prefix : … before the root ( re- ) re- act suffix : … after the root ( -ness ) dark -ness Two other kinds of affixes More rarely, we see… infix : affix inserted inside the root Khmer, Cambodia -b- is a nominalizer and appears inside a root. leun : fast l b eun : speed A “nominalizer” is a morpheme that changes a word into a noun. Two other kinds of affixes circumfix: affix that surrounds the root Tuwali Ifugao, Philippines ka -- an is a nominalizer and surrounds a root. baddang : help ka baddang an : helpfulness
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2 Does that mean… … that –ful in hope ful ness is an infix? It’s in the middle of a word… No; it is a suffix followed by another suffix It doesn’t “break up” a word; it just occurs between two morphemes. Affixes Two basic roles for affixes (very general!): Derivation : making new words by changing the function or meaning of the root. Inflection : adding grammatical information that does not significantly change the meaning of the root (e.g., number: 1 dog, 2 dog s ). In English…
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2011 for the course LING 101 taught by Professor Teddemen during the Fall '11 term at University of Alberta.

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Morphology 3 - Today Morphology III Derivation & Inflection...

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